Short Description: is widly used as heat exchanger.Installed two fans,blowing air to take away heating/cooling energy from the flowing liquid in the micro aluminium tubes;With very high heat exchanging effience.
Dimension: 120x240mm,with OD9.5 MM inlet & outlet;to install two 120mm fans;
Place of Origin: China
Models & Details for “Water Cooling Radiator Copper”
Water Cooling Radiator,For install one fan 80mm,90mm,120mm,made from copper,no painting
Water Cooling Radiator For install two fan 120mm,made from copper,no painting
Water Cooling Radiator with connecting Mouth part
Water Cooling Radiator,For install 1pc fan 120mm,made from Copper,painting to be black
Material copper Size 149×128×45mm Fiting/Barbs G1/4 screw thread, flexible to choose the diameter 6,8,10 Pagoda (match) Surface treatment Baking varnish Technology Adopt advanced 6 mm U-cooling zone, double row waterway more effective increase heat dissipation area, Unique welding technology, greatly improved thermal performance
Connecting Mouth part
Water Cooling Radiator,For install 2pc fan 240mm,Copper,painting to be black
Material Copper Specification 240*120*45 Size 269*128*45mm Connector G1/4 screw thread,standard ID 8mm pagoda Surface treatment Environment-friendly electroplating process Technology Skving technology、Ultra-low water resistance design、 intensive parallel channel、Advanced sealing technology 、Die-casting Application Best used with the appropriate kits of syscooling
Connecting Mouth part
Water Cooling Radiator,For install 3pc fan 360mm,Copper,painting to be black
Material Copper Specification 120*120*3 Size 390*128*45mm Connector G1/4 screw thread,standard ID 8mm pagoda Surface treatment Environment-friendly electroplating process Technology Skving technology、Ultra-low water resistance design、 intensive parallel channel、Advanced sealing technology 、Die-casting Application Best used with the appropriate kits of syscooling.
Connecting Mouth part
Water Cooling Radiator,For install 4pc fan 480mm,Copper,painting to be black
Material Copper Specification 120*120*4 Size 508*128*36mm Connector G1/4 screw thread,standard ID 8mm pagoda Surface treatment Environment-friendly electroplating process Technology kving technology、Ultra-low water resistance design、 intensive parallel channel、Advanced sealing technology 、Die-casting Application Best used with the appropriate water cooling kits.
Connecting Mouth part
Water Cooling Radiator For install four fan 120mm,made from Copper
For install nine fan 120mm
Connecting Mouth part
Buying Guide to “Water Cooling Radiator Copper”
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General Knowledge on “Water Cooling Radiator Copper”
Why to choose aluminium as material?
It appears that aluminium is the most effective material to make water cooling radiator. It has top quality heat transfer effience. The radiator made with aluminium can stand greater system pressure.The aluminum water cooling down radiator could possibly be constructed with multi-port tubes that permit a lot more direct calling between the coolant fluid and the tube surface and also more get in touch with between the aluminium fins as well as aluminium tubes, each one of these can include radiator’s effience to exchange heat. Because of these broader, more reliable tubes, an aluminum radiator with 2 rows of 1″ tubes amounts a copper radiator with 5 rows of 1/2″ tubes! The higher architectural strength of aluminum likewise implies that radiators can be built with really broad cores without threat of failure, which provides better coolant ability and higher cooling area.
All points thoughted about as, an aluminum radiator will be a lot more efficient, much longer long lasting, stronger, as well as lighter than a standard copper radiator.
Surface area is the most important factor. Acquire the greatest rad you could fit (length x size). Actually, if optimum air conditioning performance is your objective – think about getting a larger rad than you could match then building the chassis around the rad. This is specifically what I did when constructing the cooling system for my 525HP LS2. I knew it made a lot of power. I understood power = warmth. So I chopped off the whole front of the truck as well as built a new front end particularly around my Griffin rad. Area – yes, it’s that essential!
There made use of to be an old-school policy that explained that a rad ought to be 1 square inch for every single cubic inch of engine variation. This was an aged guideline from in the pasts when making 1hp each cu. in. was thoughted about as rather high performance. Nowadays engines are consistently making greater than 1hp each cu. in. so the regulation requires changing given that cooling capacity is connected to power and also not just engine dimension.
For high performance usage – like offroad racing, my rule of thumb is to size a rad based upon 1.1 sq. in. each hp made. This is a fairly conventional guideline, which works well for aluminum electric motors.
Here are some usual rad dimensions as well as their areas in square inches:
Area (sq. in.)
It is crucial that the coolant moving through the radiator’s tubes doings this in a rough or “rough as well as rolling” style. This is to ensure that the max amount of hot coolant could enter call with the surface of the tubes so optimal cooling can happen. If the circulation is not rough, but rather is smooth or “laminar” in nature, a thin border layer of fluid will certainly have the tendency to “stick” to the within wall surfaces of television, protecting the remainder of the liquid from the cooling surfaces of television. The outcome is, the external border layer cools, yet the warm internal core never ever obtains cooled.
There are a number of means a radiator or cooling system developer could obtain unstable flow. They include:
Guaranteeing sufficient rate of the coolant circulation. Superior tube shape. Broader tubes with little cross-sectional area allow for much better turbulence. This is an additional example of the advantages of aluminum – it has actually the strength needed for less, bigger tubes. The use of unique strategies in the construction of the tubes themselves – such as the addition of “turbolators” or little fin-like estimates that promote turbulent circulation inside the tubes. Such strategies require advanced design as well as circulation modelling to strike the best balance between promoting disturbance while preserving ample flow as well as lessening stress decrease through the radiator. In their newest high-performance items Lion employ a copyrighted ported Micro Extrusion tube construction strategy making use of a 3000 series aluminum alloy for longevity and also improved liquid turbulation.
If you have made best use of the area as well as there’s definitely no way to go any bigger, then there may be some advantage to using a thicker rad.
Including density to a radiator does not enhance its performance to the very same level as improving its area does, however as long as there suffices air movement it will not lessen the efficiency.
Thicker radiators do have a little a lot more airflow resistance compared to thinner radiators however the difference is very little at speed when there is good airflow through the radiator. Where issues can appear goes to still when the fan(s) alone should provide the needed airflow. Usage of a quality, appropriately shrouded fan or followers is a should to make the called for air flow at idle and also slow-speed conditions. Obviously, this is true to some level in all situation, yet specifically so with especially thick radiators.
You may have heard folks declare that setting up a thicker radiator resulted in a net drop in cooling down capability. This could be attributed to either possible causes. Initially, the follower(s) as well as shrouding may be insufficient to provide the called for air movement. Second, in the case of older radiators (specifically copper) that made use of slim tubes with relatively big cross sectional location, the boost in density as well as for that reason tubes, really minimized coolant rate to the factor that the coolant flow did not have the needed turbulence. In no instance, nevertheless, could a drop in cooling with a thicker rad be credited to the air getting fully heat-soaked just before it has actually flown entirely with the thick rad – this is an old better halves’ story that may have happened as an outcome of misdiagnosing one or both of the above disorders.
1 row? 2 rows? 3 rows? (Or erroneously, single-core? Double core? Triple core?) Which is the most effective? There is no hard and fast rule right here. The variety of tubes in each row (from front to back) is only a part of a radiator’s total design. One could not state that 2 rows are always better than one. It all relies on the dimension and profile of the tubes, in addition to all the various other layout features of the radiator – not the least which is the overall dimension. The best wager is to select or spec a radiator making use of the various other requirements for which there are firm standards (aluminum, largest location feasible, and so on) then leave the other style components, such as the number of rows, to a trusted expert such as Griffin.
Generally, the higher the density of fins in between the tubes, the even more surface there is to be based on cooling down airflow. Nevertheless, there is a limit – additional is not consistently better and also also much of a good thing ends up being a bad point. Picture a fin quality so high it was virtually a strong – certainly that would certainly not be optimum for cooling down as no air flow can pass. An additional aspect involved in the ideal fin density estimation is the operating problems to which the radiator will be subjected. Unclean, blocked fins mishandle or even worthless, and also remarkably thick fins are extremely hard to keep tidy. Not just that, but the fins are fairly delicate and washing them could sometimes trigger harm that once again reduces their performance or makes them worthless. For these reasons, often the best option for an off-road rig is a slightly much less thick fin count as compared to a street or track automobile – and also the overall result will certainly be better real-world, in-service air conditioning. Lion comprehends this and, unlike some others, will not just sell you the item that appears ideal on paper (greatest fin quality). Rather, they will put in the time to comprehend your application and will either make a personalized product for you or sell you an off-the-shelf item finest matched to your actual requirements.
Flow – cross and down
Most of aluminium radiators now are “cross-flow”. That means the tanks are at side, and coolant/liquid flows horizontally through the multi-port tubes from one tank to the other tank.
Lots of, many myths and also aged other halves’ tales could be mapped back to the old down-flow design radiators and also their style as well as construction. We will handle them in a separate part. For now, unless you are attempting to replicate a traditional hot-rod appearance or are intent on duplicating the factory arrangement in a rig that initially used a down-flow radiator, recognize that a cross-flow radiator is the better design because:In a cross-flow radiator, the radiator cap (stress safety valve) lies on the low stress (non-inlet) side of the radiator. This stops the pressure produced by a high-flow water pump from forcing coolant past the radiator cap at high engine Revoltions Per Minute. Due to the fact that the rad cap is truly a pressure-sensitive relief valve that establishes the system stress, when it is located on the high pressure side (as it is in a down-flow radiator) it “senses” the high tension side as well as sets the system tension based on this and also consequently total optimum system stress is much less (the shutoff opens up when the stressful side reaches the cap’s ranking). On the other hand, when the cap is located on the low tension (non-inlet side), as it is in a cross-flow radiator, the cap “detects” as well as establishes the system pressure based on the low-pressure side – so overall system tension is higher in this configuration. For example, a 22PSI rad cap positioned on the reduced pressure side of a cross-flow rad properly becomes a 10PSI cap if it were located in the high tension side of a down-flow radiator. Considering that the rad cap on a down-flow radiator lies on the high-pressure inlet side, coolant flow/velocity have to be minimized so that rad stress does not exceed the cap’s rating. As we have actually viewed, when flow is minimized so is cooling efficiency, and also when speed is lessened, so is circulation turbulence and consequently cooling efficiency.
Flow – single-, dual-, triple-pass
The layout at left portrays the circulation in a single-pass cross-flow radiator.The containers are entirely open inside and also coolant moves horizontally, in one instructions simply, from the inlet (high pressure) side to the outlet (low stress) side.This causes the inlet as well as electrical outlet being on other sides of the radiator.If a rad cap is installed on a single-pass rad, it lies on the reduced tension (outlet) side.
Imagined at left is a dual-pass cross-flow radiator.In this configuration, the inlet and also outlet are located on the same side of the radiator, as well as the tank to which they connect is divided in half vertically.This forces the coolant to stream from the inlet to the other side storage tank, then back through the rad to the outlet, as pictured.This essentially increases the length of the tubes between inlet and also outlet, halves the cross-sectional area for circulation, as well as results in:
Enhanced pressure decrease throughout the rad from the inlet to the electrical outlet. Lowered flow rate. Higher rate and more unstable coolant flow, with assistant boosted warmth transfer coefficient. Intermediate delta-T between the coolant and also air movement on the second pass.
Permit to take a closer check out why all this is so and also exactly what it suggests to our cooling system performance. Lots of people mistakenly believe that a dual-pass radiator cools down better considering that the coolant “experiences the rad twice” and as a result “spends much longer in the rad and cools much more”. We understand that this is not the situation, due to the fact that “time spent in the rad” is not a defining factor of just how well a rad cools down, which flow, disturbance, and also delta-T have a much higher result on cooling down efficiency compared to time. On top of that, there are an excellent several components of radiator style, consisting of tube width, tube height, number of tubes, tube building, and also fin count that, in addition to move design, all integrate to identify the cooling performance of a radiator.So, the inquiry is – does a dual-pass rad awesome far better or even worse compared to a single cross-flow rad?The answer is “it depends”. To understand why this is the case, we should recall the principles of Pump Efficiency Curve as well as Total amount System Pressure Decrease and also apply them to the dual-pass rad to view exactly what is happening.We already recognize that stress and circulation are related, and also as a result exactly how increasing the efficient length of the cooling tubes with a dual-pass rad boosts pressure decrease (backpressure).If we check out the pump performance contour, we could also see just how the enhanced head called for by the increased backpressure of the dual-pass rad additionally creates a reduction in circulation because the pump constantly executes somewhere on its curve, and given that its head has actually improved, the flow it produces will certainly be much less. The complying with diagram illustrates the principle, but once again the values are not meant to be depictive of any type of real-world disorders (I merely made them approximately highlight the principle).
The intersection of the red lines on the performance curve represents the circulation and also head of an academic single-pass rad – state 90 GPM at 8 PSI head. The crossway of the blue lines on the performance curve represents the flow and also head of an academic dual-pass rad – state 70 GPM at 14 PSI head.
Exactly how huge an effect on pump circulation the increased head needed for a dual-pass rad has, depends upon the specific pump’s efficiency curve as well as exactly how huge a component of the total system pressure drop the rad is.
Now, to comprehend the dual-pass rad’s impact on coolant velocity, we should introduce one last formula that associates circulation, location, as well as velocity.
Flow in a pipeline (or radiator tube) is equal to the cross-sectional location of the pipeline multiplied by the velocity of the liquid. If that principle is tough to comprehend, it might help to think about the residences involved, as in:
Flow (q) = Area (A) x Velocity (V); or
cubic feet per minute = square feet x feet per minute
(note: 1 cu ft = 7.48 US gallons)
This makes sense – the larger the pipe and/or the faster the fluid is relocating – the greater the circulation (the additional fluid will pass through the pipeline in a given time).
Now,since q=AxV, this implies that if you lower the location or the rate, the circulation decreases; and by the same token, if flow continues to be continuous as well as area is minimized, the velocity or speed of the liquid have to increase.
In a dual-pass rad like the one imagined above, the coolant only has half the variety of tubes to move via each time – that is, the cross sectional location is cut in half. As well as since q=AxV, because the area has actually halved, for an offered circulation made by the pump, the rate of the coolant increases. Because velocity rises, so does disturbance. Rate additionally has a beneficial effect on the heat-transfer coefficient (how well the radiator drops the warmth in the coolant).
Lastly, in a dual-pass radiator, the delta-T (temperature difference) in between the coolant and the air movement will certainly be much less on the 2nd pass compared to it is on the very first pass – which means warmth transfer from the coolant to the air will be less on the 2nd pass than the first.
So once again, in general, when compared with a single-pass rad, the dual-pass rad has some level of:
Improved pressure decline throughout the rad from the inlet to the outlet. Lessened flow rate. Greater velocity and more turbulent coolant flow, with attendant improved heat transfer coefficient. Intermediate delta-T in between the coolant and also air flow on the 2nd pass. Obviously, all this is additionally a circular procedure. Location is minimized -> speed climbs -> tension decrease climbs -> head climbs -> circulation drops -> velocity decreases (bear in mind q=AxV at all times) -> stress drop decreases -> head decreases -> flow rises -> and more (the system quickly gets to a factor of equilibrium or equilibrium, it simply isn’t really easy to compute with a straightforward equation).
There are two final considerations with regards to a dual-pass radiator compared to a single-pass:
A dual-pass configuration is ideal for buying the rad hoses on the very same side of the engine, as is frequently the desired setup with “LS” electric motors. This is particularly crucial if you do not have room in a confined engine compartment to run a top rad hose over the top of the follower(s). In a dual-pass radiator, the rad cap lies on the storage tank that doesn’t have the inlet and also electrical outlet. This essentially positions it in between the high stress inlet as well as the low-pressure electrical outlet – or in an area of “moderate tension”. This is a crucial factor to consider in picking a rad cap pressure ranking for a dual-pass radiator. However, this area of “medium tension” is a family member term provided the better complete stress decline through a dual-pass rad. How all these factors cancel and consequently the overall effect on cooling system efficiency of changing a single-pass rad with a dual-pass rad relies on which, if any sort of, of these factors is the restricting element on that particular system’s performance. Attempting to compute and quantify this is a complex issue needing advanced know-how of liquid mechanics as well as thermodynamics and advanced modelling strategies. It is likely well beyond the capacity of any type of lover.
The very best we could do is realise the basic principles at play, and after that seek advice from the experts regarding whether a twin- and even triple-pass rad could or will certainly be advantageous to your cooling system. One can not definitively claim that a dual-pass rad constantly cools much better than a single-pass rad or vice-versa, but there are certainly situations where a dual-pass radiator could be very valuable if applied to a correctly engineered cooling system. The best guidance I could provide is: just before thinking about a dual-pass or triple-pass radiator for your motor vehicle make sure to consult cooling system experts like those at Lion Thermal Products.
Inlets and Outlets
Inlets and outlets ought to be decided to match the size of the water pump inlet and outlet. In the case of the “LS” electric motors the water pump outlet is 1.25″ and the inlet is 1.5″. They can be put on either side of the rad, either together (as in a dual-pass radiator) or on other sides (as in a single-pass or triple-pass radiator). For older conventional V8’s, Chevy engines normally had the rad inlet left wing and the electrical outlet on the right. In Fords they were reversed with the inlet on the right and the outlet on the left. On the older generation I GM V8’s the water pump outlet was usually 1.5″ and the inlet 1.75″.
Filler Neck / Rad Cap Location
As has been covered, if you are visiting utilize a radiator with a filler neck and also place the rad cap to the radiator, the filler neck need to always be placed on the low-pressure storage tank – i.e. the one that does not have the radiator inlet.
Additional Ports & Plugs
Due consideration should be provided the area and also dimension of steam ports and also surge-tank vent ports. Remember they should be situated on the reduced tension side, just listed below the rad cap. Most high performance rads do not include a built-in drain plug near the bottom since this could develop an unneeded prospective leak point and most racers wouldn’t utilize a drain port for upkeep considering that the whole system generally comes apart for examination and substitute as necessary when upkeep is arranged. Griffin does not normally install a drain in their race radiators since the majority of racers don’t utilize a drain, and, offered the wide variety of framework a race radiator can be made use of in, it would certainly be impossible to find a location for the drainpipe that would match every feasible application.
The most effective radiator does no excellent without sufficient airflow. Air movement is determined in cubic feet each min, or CFM. In your layout, be sure to allow for adequate air flow at both high and low car rates. Air flow design for low speeds is relatively easy – you need one or more good quality, effective fans and a good, comprehensive shadow. Without a shadow you could loose as much as 50 % of the CFM you would or else have.
Guaranteeing excellent air flow at higher speeds is more difficult, since high-speed air movement could do bizarre as well as wonderful factors as well as you have to account for aerodynamic circulation and also different air pressure areas. Instead of show a course on aerodynamics, here are some fundamental tips:
Radiator location as well as angle is important to making sure excellent high-speed airflow. The most effective installment for cooling down purposes is to have the rad stand directly vertically in the airflow. Of course, this doesn’t help the car’s aerodynamics, visibility over the hood, appearances, or engine compartment packaging quite; as well as brings us in to conflict with the regulation about making use of the biggest rad feasible. If we install a very high rad, there frequently merely isn’t really area to stand it up directly. Because of this, many individuals lean the rad back at an angle to reduce the overall height in the body, while still fitting a big rad. You have to make sure when doing this though – if you lean it back as well far, particularly if you have inadequate ducting of the air to the rad, air will move up and also over the rad as opposed to via it. When this takes place, a stressful zone is produced behind the rad, and also as we know, air flows from high to low pressure, not vice versa. This is based on the very same principle by which airplane wings produce lift and also a carburetor’s venturi works. What this could imply is, at high sufficient speeds, the tension behind the rad can be a lot higher than the much faster, low-pressure air streaming over the rad that no air is able to stream with the rad – even with the followers on. It appears weird, but physics can be a bitch this way in some cases. I personally think that quite a few people often lean the rad back way as well far without understanding or checking the effects of high-speed air movement and the high tension zone developed behind the rad. If you do take place to do this – the car will get too hot and also nothing else you do will help. You simply have to have excellent flow through the rad at the speeds the automobile will certainly run. In conjunction with maximizing air flow via the radiator, your layout has to permit ample engine-compartment air flow to permit the air that moves with the rad to go out the engine area. Not since it is warm air as well as would certainly otherwise warm the engine (the engine’s making a lot of its very own heat already) – yet to prevent producing a high pressure region in the engine area that would certainly stop further airflow with the radiator. Decrease the objects in front of the rad that shut out air movement. There are usually a great deal of points that occupy area facing the rad – the grill, lights, winch, auxiliary coolers, etc. Each one of these rob the rad of its air flow. Your design should decrease the obstruction in front of the rad that block air flow. Depending on the fin quality, a radiator has someplace around 1/3 of its area as open space whereby the air moves. Max air conditioning could take place when the grill or security is such that it has no much less compared to 1/3 open space. In other words, attempt to develop the grill to make sure that it does not contribute to the restriction of air flow. If you mount auxiliary colders (like a power-steering colder) before the rad that rely upon the rad’s fans to draw air via it, keep the space between the cooler as well as the rad down to 1/4 – 3/8″, 1/2″ max, to ensure air is come through the colder and not around it prior to entering the rad. Imaginative bodywork and also ducting may be required to ensure max air movement via the rad. Just considering that it doesn’t appear like there’s anything impeding airflow, doesn’t indicate that there isn’t – high air pressure is the unnoticeable fantastic of airflow. As an example, on numerous production “sports” automobiles, the lesser air dams exist not merely to scrape on every curb as well as bump, however since they are important in stopping an airflow-induced high-pressure area behind the radiator that could seriously hinder airflow via the rad.
As formerly pointed out, electrical fans provide exceptional flow, installing adaptability, and computer command compared to mechanical followers. Years earlier, it utilized to be that mechanical followers provided the most effective efficiency, but today that isn’t so. Mechanical fans go through problems with vibration as a result of air turbulence when run at high Revoltions Per Minute. This can cause early endure the water pump. Mechanical followers can also consume as much as 20 or additional horsepower. Sticky thermo-clutches utilized to control mechanical fans can be irregular and unstable as well as supply no computer control. Mechanical followers are limited in the airflow they can provide at still and also slow rates because they are transforming at low Revoltions Per Minute. Due to the fact that the mechanical follower attaches to the engine and not the radiator, clearance needs to be preserved to make sure that any body or engine-mounting flex doesn’t create the fan to eat the radiator (which misbehaves for cooling!). This makes shrouding a mechanical follower a harder and frustrating affair that eats valuable under-hood space.
By comparison, electrical followers can be quite nicely packaged and incorporated with the radiator and also shroud.Since they aren’t combined to engine rate, electric followers can create full air movement completely down to still.Quality fans like those from SPAL are sturdy and also trusted with closed water resistant electric motors as well as hard plastic housings.Considering that they are electrically powered, electric followers could be computer system controlled by the engine’s ECM or thermostatically managed through a thermistor (a temperature level delicate button set up in the coolant flow).
Electric followers are offered in a large range of styles as well as dimensions to match any dimension or shape radiator. I want to run two smaller sized followers in an offroad rig simply for redundancy’s sake – in this way, if one quits, you still have one functional. You do not acquire this option with a mechanical follower.
“Puller” style electrical fans that install behind the radiator as well as pull air with the radiator, as revealed below, are the most effective choice since they are both much more reliable (move much more air for provided follower RPM) compared to pusher fans, as well as they obviously do not shut out airflow from the front of the rad like a “pusher” style fan does.
If you want to develop a bad-ass, race-ready, high performance air conditioning system for competition or just trouble-free path cycling, you require just comply with the BV 7 Tricks to Cooling:
HIGHEST coolant flow feasible. GREATEST air movement possible. BIGGEST radiator area fitable. HIGHEST water content tolerable. HIGHEST stress rad cap tolerable. GREATEST disturbance achievable. BEST QUALITY radiator on the marketplace – which for off-road vehicles, buggies, Jeeps, and 4x4s (or other vehicle) means a sophisticated extruded aluminum radiator from Lion Thermal Products.